The beauty industry has many machines that can be used to achieve multiple desired effects. Machines are great because they give immediate improvement. Microdermabrasion helps exfoliate the skin. High frequency helps minimize the population of bacteria. Faradic helps improve muscle tone. Vacuum helps move lymph.
One of my favorite machines is the galvanic, even though it isn’t used as much anymore. It helps penetrate water-soluble products deep into the dermis. It does this by creating a chemical reaction within the pores, allowing them to dilate and be receptive to products. This is achieved by using the negative electrode with a sodium chloride solution on the surface, which creates an alkaline reaction in the skin which, in turn, dilates the pore. Then you continue to move the electrode around for about six minutes until we’ve achieved the process of saponification, which turns sebum into soap.
Once you are done with this process, you switch the polarity from negative to positive and begin to close the pores back up. This is when you would apply a water-soluble product, like a mask or serum, to push into the follicles of the skin. This process brings the skin back to its natural acidic state, and the client should see a significant increase in hydration levels of their skin.
In order to successfully complete a galvanic treatment, you also need to apply a damp electrode to the client, under their shoulder or on their arm but not on their face, in order to complete the circuit and achieve the desired results. This can be done weekly, but caution needs to be taken to constantly move the active electrode. Otherwise a burn can be caused on the skin, which will not make the client happy.